Friday, July 16, 2021

Why UP Population Policy Is Much needed

Is Population had become a problem for INDIA?

All we need to know about UP Population Policy

Why UP Population Policy Is Much Needed
What does the UP Commission’s draft bill on Population Policy say?


"According to latest UNITED NATION DATA published on JULY 14, 2021 current population of INDIA is 1,393,975,740"

LET’S OVER VIEW INDIA

INDIA has a share of 17.7% of total world population. And , median age in India is 28.4 years. This almost defines that a large share of the Indian population is youth. We have density of 484(peoples) per Km sq. MUMBAI alone singly hold a population of 12,691,836.

About 35% of India’s Population is URBAN and, we have a fertility rate of 2.24 in 2020. However, Our Life Expectancy is 70.42 years.

What does the UP Commission’s draft bill on Population Policy say?

The state unveiled its Population Policy(2021-2030) in World Population day and it’s been in the hype eversince due to its timing. But, the aim of the bill was to stabilize the state population, to control fertility rate and to reduce maternal and infant’s deaths in the state.

The state want to promote two child policy , And it got a strong reaction from every quarter of country.

However, the draft triggered the question about necessity of bill for INDIA

What’s in the bill?

The UP Government has invited Public to add their Suggestions on bill till July 19,

The bill proposes to prohibit those people from government schemes who violate the law for having more than 2 children and they will not receive any benefits from state government like any kind of subsidy or they will be debarred from contesting local bodies polls and from applying in Govt jobs .They will not get benefit of govt 77 schemes as well. It also seeks to prohibit promotions in government jobs for those who violate the law,


Benefits for those who follows the bills are as follows:-

  • Incentives such as tax rebates, increments, promotions and concessions in housing schemes provide two additional increment.
  • It gives 12 month maternal leave for woman with full salary.
  • 3% increase in the employee contribution fund.

And, for Non Government employees are as follows:-

  • The incentives would be in form of tax rebates on water, housing and home loans.
  • If the parents goes for vasectomy after single child , the child is entitled to get free medical facilities up-to an age of 20 years.
  • The child is also eligible to get free insurance, education and preference in govt jobs .
THOUGH, The bill is still in progress and people can send their suggestions. Once it will finalise then the state CM will make an order.

HOW STATE WILL OPERATE A BILL AND MAKE IT HAPPEN TO GROUND LEVEL?

  • The state will constitute a State population fund to implement this bill.
  • The states centres and NGOs will distribute contraceptive pills, condoms and will spread awareness about family planning and why it is necessary, they will also tells about the benefits of two child or single child and what all benefits are given by govt to people .
  • Subject related to population control will be introduced in schools as compulsory.
  • Efforts to increase the accessibility of contraceptive measures and to provide a proper system for safe abortion
  • Improve the health services, facilities and to provide accessible solutions to impotence/ infertility to reduce the newborns and mortality rate.

Why, we need these bills now?

India has more than three times the population of the United States and less than one third of its land mass. We will have a massive water shortage as well as arable land, and more pollution if we don’t control the galloping population growth.

We need to give our 1.3 billion citizens a better standard of living. Although India has done a very creditable job in creating enough food for all, we simply do not have the resources to give quality education, housing, health services and adequate nourishment to a fast growing population. Clean water will be in short supply if we add 25 million babies a year.


MAJOR Factors for Population Growth in INDIAN are-

1. Widening Gap between Birth and Death Rates:

Birth rate in india had small decline and the death rate has gone down , the widen up, the gap has increased our population rapidly. Yet, for the past ten years, the average family size has stayed out at 4.2 children.

According to the annual figures one out of every five Indian women is in the reproductive age group of 15-45 years is pregnant at any time.

2. Low Age at Marriage:

Child marriages in rural india have been very common in our country. According to the 1931 census DATA, 72 per cent marriages in India were performed before 15 years of age and 34 per cent before ten years of age. Since then, Figures have been improved and there has been a continuous increase in the mean age of marriage among both males and females. The mean age at marriage of females increased from 13.1 in 1901 to 13.2 in 1911, 13.1 in 1921, 13.7 in 1931, 14.7 in 1941, 15.6 in 1951, 16.1 in 1961, 17.2 in 1971, 17.6 in 1981 and 18.4 in 1991.

THOUGH, In 1994, , the mean age was es­timated to be 23.1 years. Thus, though the mean age of marriage has been continuously increasing, yet a large number of girls even today marry at an age at which they are not ready for marriage either socially and emotionally, or physiologically.


If we relate fertility rates REPORTS had found that as “The age group increases, the fertility rate decreases”.

3. High Illiteracy:

Family planning has a direct proportional with female education, and female education is directly associated with age of marriage, general status of women, their fertility and infant mortality rate. According to the 1991 census, The male literacy percentage is 63.86 while the female literacy percentage is 39.42


Education can only makes a person liberal, broad-minded, open new ideas in his mind, and he/she become rational. If both men and women are educated, they will logically plan their family, but if both of them are illiterate, they would be more orthodox, illogical and religious-minded.


Example of Kerala which has the overall literacy rate of 90.59 per cent and female literacy rate of 86.93 per cent (in 1991) has the lowest birth rate (22.4 per thousand) while on the other side Rajasthan’s appallingly low female literacy rate of 20.84 per cent (in 1991) gives rise to the third highest birth rate in the country (36.4%), the highest having been regis­tered in Uttar Pradesh (37.5%), followed by Madhya Pradesh (37.1%).


4. Religious Attitude towards Family Planning:

The religiously orthodox and conservative people are against family planning measures. There are women who believe that planning for a family is against God wish. While Some womens believe that they are destined to have many children, so she will have them.


Indian Muslims have a higher birth rate as well as fertility rate in comparion to the Hindus (Muslim women having fertility rate of 4.4 as compared to 3.3 among Hindus women).


According to a survey conducted among the Muslims by the Operations Research Group MUSLIMS, were either against using modern family planning method on behalf of religious grounds.

5. Other Causes:

Some of the other causes responsible for the increase in population are: joint family system and lack of responsibility of young couples in these families to bring up their children and lack of information ,wrong information or myth about the adverse effects of vasectomy, tubectomy and the loop.


Many poor parents produce children not because they are ignorant but because they need them for their survival, they think that having more children will increase their family wealth and support. And as a result of it there are around 35 million child workers in our country. If families stop those children from working, their family funds will be ruined.


IN INDIA, Poverty is both the cause and the effect of the population growth. INDIAN produced many children for sons, is the main reason for too many children’s WHICH results the overpopulation. Poor parents don’t send children to school in order to fulfill their food.


Ironically, a huge family size is the poor man’s only way to combat poverty caused by the population boom.

 



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